DBDPE -Decabromodiphenyl ethane

CAS Number
84852-53-9
Name
DBDPE -Decabromodiphenyl ethane
SIN Groups
(Poly)halogenated aromatics
Reason for inclusion on the SIN List
This substance has persistent, bioackumulative and toxic properties.The substance has been detected in environmental samples from various parts of the world and in wildlife including birds, dolphins and pandas. It has also been detected in hair from humans, dogs and cats. Both experimental and estimated data show PBT properties.It is used in textile, plastics and more as a flame retardant. It is used to replace the similar and more well known DecaBDE which is on the candidate list. The substance is vPvB and toxic.
Date for inclusion on the SIN List
2014 October
REACH status, appears on
Source: 
CoRAP list
Registration information
Source: 
Full registration
Hazard class and category code(s)
Source: ECHA
No harmonized CLP classification

Chemical information

Synonyms
1,​1’-​(1,​2-​ethanediyl)​bis[2,​3,​4,​5,​6-​pentabromobenzene]; Decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE); Bis(pentabromophenyl)ethane (EBP)
EC number
284-366-9
Registered production volume
Source: ECHA
10000 - 100000 tonnes per annum
(Bio)monitoring data
Found in humans, mammals and birds worldwide. Source: Venier and Hites 2008; Zhao et al. 2013; Egebäck et al. 2012; Zhu and Hites 2006; Salamova and Hites 2013; Hermansson et al. 2010; Ricklund et al. 2010; Rattfelt Nyholm et al. 2013; Baron et al. 2014; Shi et al. 2009; Alonso et al. 2012; Law et al. 2006; Hu et al. 2008; Gauthier et al. 2008; Zheng et al. 2011; Ali et al. 2013
Possible uses
Source: 
It is used in textile, plastics and more as a flame retardant. It is used to replace the similar and more well known DecaBDE which is on the candidate list. The substance is vPvB and toxic.
Technical function of substances
Source: 
DBDPE is used an as additive flame retardant in a variety of polymers including ABS, HIPS, PP, PE, PC, PBT, PET and PVC Source: Fisk et al 2003; Dungey and Akintoye 2007
Registered use(s) - Sector End Use (SU)
Source: ECHA
SU 10: Formulation [mixing] of preparations and/or re-packaging (excluding alloys)
SU 11: Manufacture of rubber products
SU 12: Manufacture of plastics products, including compounding and conversion
SU 13: Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products, e.g. plasters, cement
SU 14: Manufacture of basic metals, including alloys
SU 15: Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
SU 16: Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products, electrical equipment
SU 17: General manufacturing, e.g. machinery, equipment, vehicles, other transport equipment
SU 18: Manufacture of furniture
SU 19: Building and construction work
SU 5: Manufacture of textiles, leather, fur
SU 6b: Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products
SU 8: Manufacture of  bulk, large scale chemicals (including petroleum products)
Registered use(s) - Chemical Product category (PC)
Source: ECHA
PC 18: Ink and toners
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 20: Products such as ph-regulators, flocculants, precipitants, neutralisation agents
PC 23: Leather tanning, dye, finishing, impregnation and care products
PC 24: Lubricants, greases, release products
PC 26: Paper and board dye, finishing and impregnation products: including bleaches and other processing aids
PC 28: Perfumes, fragrances
PC 31: Polishes and wax blends
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
PC 34: Textile dyes, finishing and impregnating products
including bleaches and other processing aids
PC 35: Washing and cleaning products (including solvent based products)
PC 39: Cosmetics, personal care products
PC 8: Biocidal products (e.g. disinfectants, pest control)
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 9b: Fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay
Registered use(s) - Article category (AC)
Source: 
AC 10: Rubber articles
AC 11: Wood articles
AC 13: Plastic articles
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
AC 4: Stone, plaster, cement, glass and ceramic articles
AC 5: Fabrics, textiles and apparel
AC 6: Leather articles
AC 8: Paper articles
Registered use(s) - Environmental Release Category (ERC)
Source: ECHA
ERC  7: Industrial use of substances in closed systems
ERC 10a: Wide dispersive outdoor use of long-life articles and materials with low release
ERC 10b: Wide dispersive outdoor use of long-life articles and materials with high or intended release (including abrasive processing)
ERC 11a: Wide dispersive indoor use of long-life articles and materials with low release
ERC 2: Formulation of preparations
ERC 3: Formulation in materials
ERC 4: Industrial use of processing aids in processes and products, not becoming part of articles
ERC 5: Industrial use resulting in inclusion into or onto a matrix
ERC 6a: Industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates)
ERC 6b: Industrial use of reactive processing aids
ERC 6d: Industrial use of  process regulators for polymerisation processes in  production of resins, rubbers, polymers
ERC 8a: Wide dispersive indoor use of processing aids in open systems
ERC 8c: Wide dispersive indoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a matrix
ERC 8d: Wide dispersive outdoor use of processing aids in open systems
ERC 8f: Wide dispersive outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a matrix
Registered use(s) - Process Category (PROC)
Source: ECHA
PROC 10: Roller application or brushing
PROC 11: Non industrial spraying
PROC 12: Use of blowing agents in manufacture of foam
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Production of preparations or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
PROC 16: Using material as fuel sources, limited exposure to unburned product to be expected
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 1: Use in closed process, no likelihood of exposure
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 2: Use in closed, continuous  process with occasional controlled exposure
PROC 3: Use in closed batch process (synthesis or formulation)
PROC 4: Use in batch and other process (synthesis) where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes for formulation of preparations and articles (multistage and/or significant contact)
PROC 6: Calendering operations
PROC 7: Industrial spraying
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or preparation (charging/discharging) from/to vessels/large containers at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or preparation into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
84852-53-9

Producers

Company Group
Company Name
Albemarle Corporation

ALBEMARLE CORP SOUTH PLANT, 2270 Highway 79 South, Magnolia, Columbia County, 71753-9129, AR, US, , USA

ALBEMARLE CORP SOUTH PLANT, 2270 Highway 79 South, Magnolia, Columbia, 71753-9129, AR, US, , USA

ALBEMARLE EUROPE SPRL, Parc Scientifique (Einstein) Rue du Bosquet 9 1348 LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE Belgium , , Belgium

Biesterfeld Group

Biesterfeld Plastic GmbH, Ferdinandstr. 41 20095 Hamburg Germany , , Germany

Chemtura

CHEMTURA CORPORATION, 199 Benson Road, Middlebury, New Haven, 06762-3218, CT, US, , USA

CHEMTURA CORPORATION, 199 Benson Road, Middlebury, US, , USA

Everkem

Everkem Srl, Via Melchiorre Gioia, 168 20125 Milano Italy , , Italy

Everkem Srl, Via Melchiorre Gioia, 168 20125 Milano Italy, , Italy

ICL Industrial Products

ICL Europe Coöperatief U.A. (OR1), Koningin Wilhelminaplein 30 Prinsenhof 1062 KR Amsterdam Netherlands , , Netherlands

ICL Europe Coöperatief U.A. (OR1) , Koningin Wilhelminaplein 30 Prinsenhof 1062 KR Amsterdam Netherlands, , Netherlands

ICL-IP AMERICA INC., 622 Emerson Road, Suite 500, St. Louis, St. Louis, 63141-6742, MO, US, , USA

ICL-IP AMERICA INC., 622 Emerson Road, Suite 500, St. Louis, US, , USA

Idemitsu Kosan

IDEMITSU CHEMICALS USA CORPORATION, 3000 Town Ctr, Southfield, Oakland, 48075, MI, US, , USA

Lanxess

LANXESS SOLUTIONS UK LTD (US03), Tenax Road M17 1WT Manchester United Kingdom , , United Kingdom

LyondellBasell

A. SCHULMAN, INC., 3637 Ridgewood Rd, Fairlawn, Summit, 44333, OH, US, , USA

MAROON

MAROON GROUP LLC, 1390 Jaycox Rd, Avon, Lorain, 44011, OH, US, , USA

MAROON GROUP LLC, 1390 Jaycox Rd, Avon, US, , USA

Nagase Group

NAGASE AMERICA CORPORATION, 546 Fifth Avenue, 16th Floor, New York, New York, 10036-5000, NY, US, , USA

NAM & NAM International

NAM&NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str.80 44227 Dortmund Germany , , Germany

RICOH COMPANY

RICOH ELECTRONICS INC, 1125 Hurricane Shoals Road, Northeast, Lawrenceville, Gwinnett, 30043-4827, GA, US, , USA

SCAS Group Laboratories

SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium , , Belgium

SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium , , Belgium

SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 MC-SQUARE Offices B-1831 Diegem Belgium , , Belgium

Service Provider

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, ​Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Singleton House, Laurence Street Co. Louth Drogheda Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland, , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, D02 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street, Co. Louth Ardee Ireland , , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park,Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland , , Ireland

Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited , Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland, , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED , Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland, , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED , Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland, , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED , Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77, Ireland, , Ireland

CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED , Unit 1 Ardee Business Park,Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland, , Ireland

NetSun EU B.V. ( UNIBROM CORP.), Blaak 40, Fifth Floor 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands , , Netherlands

NetSun EU B.V.(Weifang Yucheng Chemical Co., Ltd.), Blaak 40, Fifth Floor, 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands , , Netherlands

Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Ireland , , Ireland

Rivendell International, Rivendell House Co. Meath Stamullen Co. Meath Ireland , , Ireland

Teknor Apex

TEKNOR APEX CO, 505 Central Avenue, Pawtucket, Providence, 02861-1900, RI, US, , USA

Source: ECHA